Mathematics Key Stage 2

During Key Stage 2 pupils use the number system more confidently. They move from counting reliably to calculating fluently with all four number operations deciding which operation to use and the best method to use, depending on the numbers involved.. They always try to tackle a problem with mental methods before using any other approach. Pupils explore features of shape and space and develop their measuring skills in a range of contexts. They discuss and present their methods and reasoning using a wider range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts.

At St Mark’s we use a range of resources including ICT to teach maths and take our learning objectives straight from the National Curriculum.

Here are the programmes of study for each area of maths for Years 5 and 6. Children spend one or two weeks focusing on each of the areas every term. Their level of understanding is then assessed and picked up from there when the topic is revisited.

 Measurement Pupils should be taught to:  convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre)  understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints  measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres  calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes  estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm3 blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water]  solve problems involving converting between units of time  use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling. Pupils should be taught to:  solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate§ use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places  convert between miles and kilometres  recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa  recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes  calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles  calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units [for example, mm3 and km3]. Geometry-properties of shapes Pupils should be taught to: identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations  know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles  draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o)  identify:  angles at a point and one whole turn (total 360o)  angles at a point on a straight line and 2 1 a turn (total 180o)  other multiples of 90o  use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles  distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles. Pupils should be taught to:  draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles  recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets  compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons  illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius  recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles. Geometry- position and direction Pupils should be taught to:  identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed. Pupils should be taught to:  describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants)  draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes. Statistics Pupils should be taught to:  solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph  complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables. Pupils should be taught to:  interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems  calculate and interpret the mean as an average.