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Maths Key Stage 1

During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematics through practical activity, exploration and discussion. They learn to count, read, write and order numbers to 100 and beyond. They develop a range of mental calculation skills and use these confidently in different settings. They learn about shape and space through practical activity which builds on their understanding of their immediate environment. They begin to grasp mathematical language, using it to talk about their methods and explain their reasoning when solving problems.

At St Mark’s we use a range of resources including ICT to teach maths and take our learning objectives straight from the National Curriculum.

Here are the programmes of study for each area of maths for Years 1 and 2. Children spend one or two weeks focusing on each of the areas every term. Their level of understanding is then assessed and continued from that point when the topic is revisited.


Year 1

Year 2

Number- number and place value

Pupils should be taught to:

  •  count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  •  count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  •  given a number, identify one more and one less
  •  identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  •  read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.

Pupils should be taught to:

  •  count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
  •  recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
  •  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line
  •  compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
  •  read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
  •  use place value and number facts to solve problems.

Number- addition and subtraction

Pupils should be taught to:

 read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs

 represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

 add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero

 solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = – 9.

Pupils should be taught to:

 solve problems with addition and subtraction:

 using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

 applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

 recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

 add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

 a two-digit number and ones

 a two-digit number and tens

 two two-digit numbers

 adding three one-digit numbers

 show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

 recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Number- multiplication and division

Pupils should be taught to:

 solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

Pupils should be taught to:

 recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

 calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

 show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

 solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

Number- fractions

Pupils should be taught to:

 recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

 recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

Pupils should be taught to:

 X recognise, find, name and write fractions ¼, ½ and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

 X write simple fractions for example,

 ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½.


Pupils should be taught to:

 compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

 lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]

 mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]

 capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]

 time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]

 measure and begin to record the following:

 lengths and heights


 capacity and volume

 time (hours, minutes, seconds)

 recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

 sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]

 recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

 tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Pupils should be taught to:

 choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

 compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

 recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

 find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

 solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

(We teach money as part of number)

 compare and sequence intervals of time

tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.


Geometry-properties of shapes

Pupils should be taught to:

 recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:

 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]

 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres].

Pupils should be taught to:

 identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

 identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

 identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

 compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Geometry- position and direction

Pupils should be taught to:

 describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.

Pupils should be taught to:

 order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

 use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).



Pupils should be taught to:

 interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables

 ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

 ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.